This is the first study to investigate the possible correlation between maternal post-partum depression (PPD), mother-in-law and daughter-in-law relationship satisfaction, maternal marital satisfaction, paternal marital satisfaction, and paternal PPD. It is important for future PPD interventions to target both maternal and paternal mental health, as well as the mechanisms identified that can lead to PPD.


  1. Zhang YP, Zhang LL, Wei HH, Zhang Y, Zhang CL, Porr C. Post partum depression and the psychosocial predictors in first-time fathers from northwestern China. Midwifery. 2016 Apr;35:47-52. doi: 10.1016/j.midw.2016.01.005. Epub 2016 Feb 17.

  2. Goodman JH. Influences of maternal postpartum depression on fathers and on father-infant interaction. Infant Ment Health J. 2008 Nov;29(6):624-643. doi: 10.1002/imhj.20199. PMID: 28636251

  3. Lambregtse-van den Berg MP, Tiemeier H, Verhulst FC, Jaddoe V, Tindall E, Vlachos H, Aumayer K, Iles J, Ramchandani PG. Early childhood aggressive behaviour: Negative interactions with paternal antisocial behaviour and maternal postpartum depressive symptoms across two international cohorts. Eur Psychiatry. 2018 Oct;54:77-84. doi: 10.1016/j.eurpsy.2018.07.007. Epub 2018 Aug 18. PMID: 30125784


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