Postpartum depression (PPD) poses a major global public health challenge. The authors conducted a meta-analysis to estimate the global and national prevalence of PPD and a meta-regression to identify economic, health, social, or policy factors associated with national PPD prevalence. The global prevalence of PPD is greater than previously thought and varies dramatically by nation. Disparities in wealth inequality and maternal-child-health factors explain much of the national variation in PPD prevalence.


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  2. Miranda JJ, Patel V. Achieving the millennium development goals: does mental health play a role? PLoS Med (2005) 2(10):e291. doi:10.1371/journal.pmed.0020291

  3. Field T. Postpartum depression effects on early interactions, parenting, and safety practices: a review. Infant Behav. Dev. (2010) 33(1):1–6. doi:10.1016/j.infbeh.2010.04.005


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