This review is intended to summarise findings from the existing literature, identify important knowledge gaps, and set the research agenda for creating new generalisable knowledge pertinent to increasing our understanding of the prevalence, determinants, and infant and childhood health outcomes associated with perinatal depression. This review is also intended to set the stage for subsequent work aimed at reinforcing and accelerating investments toward providing services to manage maternal depression in low-income and middle-income countries.


  1. Bowen, A and Muhajarine, N. Antenatal depression. Can Nurse. 2006; 102: 26–30

  2. Evans, J, Heron, J, Francomb, H, Oke, S, and Golding, J. Cohort study of depressed mood during pregnancy and after childbirth. BMJ. 2001; 323: 257–260

  3. Fisher, J, Cabral de Mello, M, Patel, V et al. Prevalence and determinants of common perinatal mental disorders in women in low- and lower-middle-income countries: a systematic review. Bull World Health Organ. 2012; 90: 139G–149G


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