In this cross-sectional study of 299 353 children aged 12 to 59 months in 35 low- and middle-income countries, household socioeconomic status and parental nutritional status were the leading factors associated with child undernutrition in pooled analyses and in most country-specific analyses. Environmental conditions, health behaviors, disease prevalence, and maternal reproductive care were less frequently associated with child undernutrition, with substantial heterogeneity among countries.


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  2. Black  R , Alderman  H , Bhutta  Z ,  et al.  Executive summary of The Lancet maternal and child nutrition series.   Lancet. Published June 6, 2013. Accessed March 24, 2020.

  3. Khatun  W , Alam  A , Rasheed  S , Huda  TM , Dibley  MJ .  Exploring the intergenerational effects of undernutrition: association of maternal height with neonatal, infant and under-five mortality in Bangladesh .  BMJ Glob Health. 2018;3(6):e000881.


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